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Forging in horse  

Also Known As

Gait abnormality, Gait interference

Description

Forging is a gait abnormality, related to the timing of the movement of the front and rear legs of the horse. Forging occurs when the toe of the hind foot strikes the heel or bottom of the front foot on the same side, just as the front foot is leaving the ground. A constant metallic click is heard when the horse is trotting, as the front foot is slow in leaving the ground and the advancing hind foot hits the heel.

Symptoms

  • Abnormal gait with rear toes striking the heel or bottom of the front foot on the same side when walking, trotting, or galloping
  • Metallic clicking sound

Cause

Faults in conformation, lack of fitness, improper riding, fatigue, and age can lead to forging. When a young horse with a short back and long legs experiences a growth spurt, the changing conformation may cause forging. Other conformations that may cause forging include "sickle" hock conformation and those where front or hind feet are set too far under the body.

If a horse is not properly exercised and/or has a diet deficiency, a loss of coordination may occur, making it difficult for the horse to move smoothly. Unused muscles may stiffen, causing a faulty gait, and, because forging occurs because of lack of proper timing in movement of the limbs, the horse may establish a pattern of movement that leads to forging.

Improper riding, where communication between rider and horse is poor, may lead to confusion on the horse's part, resulting in faulty gait patterns. As with humans, fatigue and age can slow reaction time. In a horse, discomfort or injury to the front limbs can lead to hesitant moves, allowing the back toes to hit the front heels.

Prevention

Given the causes of forging, the best prevention is catching any gait abnormalities early on and working with a competent farrier who can observe the horse and make adjustments in trimming hooves, as well as choosing shoes that best fit the individual horse's needs.

Treatment

Treatment of forging should focus on improving the timing of the movement of the fore and hind limbs. A farrier can determine what is causing the faulty gait by observing the horse as it walks and trots. Excessive toe length may need to be trimmed, and a lighter shoe in the appropriate size used, to provide proper ground surface and support. The hind feet may need to be trimmed to create as much round surface as possible. A square toe shoe set back from the outline of the hoof wall at the toe can also be effective.

This type of shoe on the back feet, coupled with trimming, will keep the back feet on the ground longer and decrease the breakover of the hind limbs. A good working relationship with a knowledgeable, competent farrier will save a great deal of time and frustration in correcting gait abnormalities.

|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در یکشنبه بیستم فروردین 1391 | موضوع:
درمان های لنگش در اسب IRAP and PRP 

What is IRAP?

IRAP is a treatment that decreases inflammation and promotes healing.  Unlike traditional anti-inflammatory therapies like steroids or bute, IRAP is the horse’s natural anti-inflammatory – made by it’s own cells.   To understand what IRAP is and how it works, we must talk a bit about inflammation. When your horse sustains an injury, the damaged tissues release signals to the body that cause inflammation – you recognize inflammation as heat, swelling and pain.  One of the major signals for inflammation is a substance called IL-1.  Think of IL-1 as a “key” that turns on inflammation.  The “lock” that IL-1 fits into is called IL-1 receptor.  To prevent inflammation from getting out of control, the body has a natural blocker of inflammation called IL-1 receptor antagonist protein, or IRAP.

How does IRAP work?

So IRAP is a protein produced by your horse’s own cells to block inflammation.  Some very smart scientists figured out how to induce blood cells to increase the natural synthesis of these anti-inflammatory proteins.  The system involves harvesting about 60 mls of your horse’s blood and incubating it with special glass beads for 24 hours.  The blood cells produce large amounts of IRAP as well as other healing factors.  The IRAP-rich serum is then separated from the blood, harvested, frozen and stored for later use.   It can then be thawed and injected directly into a damaged or inflamed area (such as a joint) at any time.  Early studies and the experience of veterinarians who use IRAP suggests that it is an extremely useful tool to treat injuries in horses.  Again, because IRAP is derived from the horses’ own cells, we are able to avoid certain risks and negative effects of other “traditional” drugs.

What is PRP?

Like IRAP, Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP is another product derived from your horse’s own blood.  PRP is loaded with natural healing proteins that accelerate tissue repair.  So what is a platelet? Platelets are the component of blood that cause clotting.  In addition to initiating clotting, platelets also act as factories and storage units for a myriad of growth and healing factors. When platelets are activated, they release these growth factors, which accelerate healing and improve the quality of healing.  The aim is not just fast healing, but good quality repair, so that your horse is less likely to re-injure.  

Unlike IRAP that requires 24 hours to process, PRP can be obtained in just a few minutes.  Your horse’s blood is again drawn, and spun in a centerfuge.  The process concentrates platelets into the plasma, and this platelet rich plasma is then separated from the rest of the blood.  The PRP can then be directly injected in to injured tissue, such as a tendon tear.  Often, this accomplished with ultrasound guidance.

Are one of these treatments right for your horse?  The first important step in answering this question is obtaining a diagnosis.  All injuries are not equal- they have different causes, different treatments and carry different prognoses.  To know what treatment is best, first a veterinarian specializing in lameness diagnosis needs to perform a thorough evaluation- likely to include an orthopedic examination, diagnostic analgesia (joint or nerve blocks) and imaging such as radiographs, ultrasound or MRI.   Once an accurate diagnosis has been made, your veterinary specialist can discuss the options and provide state of the art treatment options.  The goal is to get your equine athlete back to soundness as quickly as possible and keep them sound for the long haul.

 

|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در جمعه بیست و ششم اسفند 1390 | موضوع:
درمان لامینایتیس با سلولهای بنیادی Laminitis Treatment with Stem Cells 

Stem cell therapy is a regenerative approach that has gained much press recently as a potential method for treating equine injuries. While scientific studies on its efficacy are scarce, Scott Morrison, DVM, of Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital's podiatry unit, in Lexington, Ky., and other practitioners are using various stem cell approaches in their practice and recording results. Morrison described his success with umbilical cord-derived stem cells in nonresponsive chronic laminitis cases at the 6th International Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot, held Oct. 28-31 in West Palm Beach, Fla.

Using traditional treatment methods, Morrison has previously had an 18% success rate (e.g., a return to pasture soundness) treating chronic, uncompensated (unstable coffin bone, or "sinker") laminitis cases; 88% success treating horses suffering from severe coffin bone rotation with sole penetration; and 44% success treating severe coffin bone disease (bone loss) cases. With the hope that stem cells could help promote better-quality tissue growth in the diseased foot, Morrison recently examined whether adding stem cell therapy to routine laminitis treatment (e.g., foot casts, deep flexor tenotomy, hoof wall resection, anti-inflammatory therapy, etc.) could improve success rates.

Morrison relayed that he has used allogenic (from umbilical cord blood) stem cell therapy in 31 cases--three with severe rotation of the coffin bone within the hoof capsule, and the rest "sinkers." He said he chose to use allogenic cells because it's crucial to begin treatment on these cases as soon as possible--veterinarians typically don't have time to collect and harvest the horse's own cells (which takes four to six weeks).

In these cases Morrison delivered 25 million cells directly to the affected foot via regional perfusion (placing a tourniquet on the limb and injecting cells into a vein below the tourniquet) for 20-30 minutes. The average case received three doses of 20-25 million cells, or treatment every three to four weeks as needed. As soon as a month after treatment began, Morrison reported seeing new sole growth and coronary band regeneration of healthy wall in several horses. Among the 31 cases, he had success (again, pasture soundness) treating 65% (13/20) of acute sinkers, 100% (3/3) of severe rotation cases, and 37.5% (3/8) of severe bone disease cases using stem cell therapy. However, Morrison noted the first successful case is only 14 months out from initial treatment, and he still needs to determine long-term success rates.

Morrison added that although stem cell therapy might be useful for rehabilitating severe laminitis cases, traditional treatment methods such as those listed earlier should also be in place for a successful outcome. As promising as it is, stem cell therapy is still an inexact science, and clinicians continue to examine its use for treating laminitis cases. "Timing of treatment, route of administration, and histological studies of the tissue type generated after stem cell therapy are areas that need further investigation," he concluded.

 

|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در یکشنبه چهارم دی 1390 | موضوع:
بهترين بيمارستان های اسب در امريکا 

Top 5 Equine Hospitals in the U.S.

Top 5 Equine Hospitals in the U.S.

It’s hard to come up with the top 5 equine hospitals in the U.S. This is simply because there are a number of outstanding hospitals that deserve to be mentioned. Five institutions however do stand out. Whether it’s their scope of services or their dedication to excellence, these top 5 equine hospitals truly deserve to be commended.

Oakridge Equine Hospital

This large facility is nestled in North Edmond Oklahoma and has a total land area of 24,500 square feet. Most of this area is occupied by its main hospital. The rest is occupied by an imaging building and a barn or storage area. Oakridge particularly stands out as part of the top 5 equine hospitals because it is the only facility which has a large animal MRI unit in the central U.S. region. Aside from MRI it also offers ultrasonography, endoscopy, digital radiography and fluoroscopy. Surgical procedures performed include soft tissue surgery, arthroscopic surgery, orthopedic surgery and laser surgery.

LSU Equine Hospital (Louisiana State University)

This facility is staffed by veterinary professionals who offer 24/7 service and care. It offers a broad range of services that include reproduction, imaging, performance evaluation, surgery, internal medicine and health maintenance. Although the hospital may have similar facilities and services as other hospitals, what makes LSU Equine Hospital worthy of being one of the top 5 equine hospitals is its dedicated response and its commitment to further facility and service improvement.

Peterson and Smith Equine Hospital

This hospital bears the name of two noted professionals in equine veterinary medicine. Established more than two decades ago in Ocala, Florida, it continues to provide 24/7 horse care. The hospital is capable of providing medical attention to individual patients and to whole farms. Aside from the usual care provided by most other hospitals, Peterson and Smith also offers special services in sports medicine, ambulatory care, intensive care, cardiac evaluation, orthopedic surgery, ophthalmic care, on site lab evaluations and podiatry.

Reata Equine Hospital

Reata Equine Hospital

Reata Equine Hospital

Reata offers similar services as most other full equine hospitals. It has services for internal medicine, diagnostics, reproduction, neonatal care and surgery. It also offers general care services like worming, vaccination and dental evaluations. What makes this hospital part of the top 5 equine hospitals is its Podiatry Center which was opened in June. The center stands on 3000 square feet of land and has two climate controlled sections for treatment. Find out more information at www.reataequinehospital.com

San Luis Rey Equine Hospital

This facility has been around for more than three decades in Bonsall California. It sits on a wide land area that can house a maximum of thirty patients at one time. It can attend to these patients 24/7. The facilities include an operating room, pharmacy, barn, recovery room, laboratory, treatment room and isolation section. What makes this hospital truly deserving of being one of the top 5 equine hospitals is its pioneering spirit. It is one of the pioneers in the fields of nuclear bone scanning, abdominal surgery and radiography.

If you have a horse that you love more than anything and need medical care, these top 5 equine hospitals are the places to go. Horse care doesn’t get any better than this

|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در دوشنبه شانزدهم آبان 1390 | موضوع:
تفاله چغندر و اسب‌ها (Beet Pulp & Horses ) 
تفاله چغندر و اسبها (Beet Pulp & Horses ) .
فيبر قابليت هضم بالايي و شاخص گليسمي پاييني دارد.
کربوهيدراتها در دو گروه ساختاري و غير ساختاري دسته بندي مي شوند که فيبر يككربوهيدرات ساختاري ميباشد و كربوهيدراتهاي غير ساختاري شامل نشاسته و قند ميباشند.
فيبر يك كربوهيدرات ساختاري است. كربوهيدراتهاي غير ساختاري شامل نشاستهو قند ميباشند.
كربوهيدراتهاي غير ساختاري (مثل: غلات، جو و ملاس) شاخص گليسميرا بالا ميبرند. تفاله چغندر شاخص گليسمي پاييني دارد.
شاخص گليسمي يك شاخصعددي است كه به غذا داده ميشود. اين عدد ميانگين افزايش در قند خون بعد از هر وعدهغذا ميباشد.
براي مثال:Anne Rodiek از قسمت علوم حيواني ايالت كاليفرنياتحقيقي را منتشر كرده است كه بر اساس اين تحقيق بطور ميانگين، جودوسر شاخص گليسميبا ارزش شماره 100 ، در غلات شماره 117 و تفاله چغندر ارزش 1 را دارد.

معجزه اين ماده براياسبها در چيست؟
بعد از استخراج شكر از چغندر تفاله باقي ماندهآن شكل مناسبي از فيبر با قابليت هضم بالا براي اسبها ميباشد. تفاله چغندر حاوي 18% فيبر خام است كه آن را در رده بندي به عنوان علوفه قرار ميدهد.
دستگاه گوارشياسب براي استفاده از فيبر طراحي شده است. سكوم كه قسمتي از روده بزرگ ميباشد حاويميكروبهايي است که اين ميكروبها فيبر و سلولز را ميشكنند. فيبر موجود در چغندر قندنيز در سكوم شكسته ميشود و انرژي مورد نياز اسب را آزاد مي كند.
نگهداري سطحپايين گلوكز خوني مي تواند به آرام نگه داشتن حيوان كمك كند. غذاهايي با سطح بالايقند ممكن است باعث توليد انرژي بالا در اسب ميشود.
رژيمي با پايه تفاله چغندر وعلوفه براي اسبهايي با سندرمهاي كوشينگ محيطي، مقاوم به انسولين و هيپوتيروئيديسمنيز مفيد ميباشد. اين اسبها انسولين را بصورت عادي توليد نميكنند و گلوكز خونشانبطور مناسبي تنظيم نميشود.
اگرچه تفاله چغندر فيبر قابل هضم بالايي است وليحاوي فيبر ساقه بلند كافي نمي باشد كه بتوان آن را به عنوان تنها منبع علف در جيرهاسب در نظر گرفت.
تا 25% رژيم غذايي اسب ميتواند با تفاله چغندر جايگزينشود. اما قسمتي از رژيم اسب بايد از منبع فيبر ساقه بلند مثل يونجه و علوفه چراگاهباشد.
فيبرهاي ساقه بلند براي كاركرد مناسب روده عقبي نياز ميباشند. اندازه هرقطعه از فيبر نبايد از 4/3 اينچ كمتر باشد.
جهت تغذيه حيوان با تفالهچغندر به نکات زير بايد توجه کرد:
1 ـ تفاله چغندر باعث تورم وپارگي معده ميشود. معده اسب قابليت تشخيص زمان بالاترين سطح محتويات رادارد. هورموني بنام موتيلين آزاد ميشود. اين هورمون باعث خالي شدن معده و انتقالمحتويات به روده كوچك و به دنبال آن به روده بزرگ ميشود. اتاقهاي زيادي وجود دارد وتفاله چغندر بطور موثر ميتواند مصرف شود.

2 ـ تفاله چغندر نياز به خيساندن دارد. تعداد زيادي از اسبها كه تفاله چغندر را بطور خشكمصرف كردهاند هيچ مشكلي هم نداشتهاند. جهت تغذيه اسبهايي كه تمايل به سريع خوردن وقورت دادن غذا دارند بايد تفاله چغندر خيسانده شود در غير اين صورت ممكن است اسبهادچار انسداد شوند. علاوه بر اين روش خيساندن تفاله چغندر به مصرف بيشتر مايعات توسطاسب كمك ميكند.
3 ـ تفاله چغندر باعث انسدادميشوند. اسبهايي كه با خوردن تفاله چغندر دچار مشکل انسداد ميشوند ممكن است بامواد غذايي كنسانتره ديگر نيز اين مشکل را پيدا کنند. اين اسبها معمولاً غذا خوردنرا ترک ميکنند. وجود مقدار كمي از سنگ در غذا ميزان مصرف را كاهش مي دهد.
تفالهچغندر به اسبهايي داراي مشكل وزن يا مشكل جويدن دارند كمك مي كند. همچنين مي تواندبه عنوان علوفه خشک استفاده شود. اگر كه كيفيت علوفه پايين باشد تفاله چغندر ميتواند منبع خوبي از فيبر قابل هضم باشد. توليدات بسياري در بازار با پايه چغندرموجود ميباشد. اين تركيبات همچنين حاوي مواد معدني و ويتامينهاي لازم براي بالانسجيره ميباشند. مشاهده و دقت در تغذيه اسب بسيار بحراني است. ممكن است پس از مشاهدهحيوان، تجويز رژيم چغندر قند پاسخي براي افزايش وزن بدون افزايش شاخص قند خون باشد
|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در سه شنبه بیست و ششم بهمن 1389 | موضوع:
ملانوما سرطان پوست 
ملانوما سرطان پوست
اين يک نوع بيماری سرطانی پوستی هست که بيشتر اسب های با رنگ نيله دچار آن ميشوند بيشتر در قسمت های دم زيره پلک چشم و جلو کتف يا شانه اين غده ها سرطانی بوجود می ايند
 
One of the most common skin tumors in adult horses is a melanoma, second only in occurrence to a sarcoid. Melanomas have been shown to occur more commonly in Arabian, Lipizzaner, and Percheron breeds, as these breeds have a high incidence of gray horses and melanomas are mostly found in gray horses. In fact indicates it is estimated that up to 80% of gray horses older than 15 years old have melanomas. These melanomas are typically black and are usually found around the lips, eyes, ears, salivary glands, anus, penis, and vulva. So generally a black hairless mass found at the junction of a mucous membrane on a gray horse is probably a melanoma. Fortunately, most melanomas in gray horses are benign slow-growing tumors that rarely metastasize or spread to other organs. However, the tumor can spread to other organs, especially in nongray horses. Generally, these tumors do not cause a problem other than with urination, defecation, or breeding. However, they can invade local tissue and can cause lameness as well as neurological problems by invading the central nervous system.
When melanomas are causing problems, surgical removal is the best option. Unfortunately, surgical removal can be difficult because of the location of some of these tumors.
 
|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در چهارشنبه بیستم بهمن 1389 | موضوع:
Genetic diseases purebred Arabians 

Genetic diseases that can occur in purebred Arabians, or in partbreds with Arabian ancestry in both parents, are the following:

  • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID). Recessive disorder, fatal when homozygous, carriers (heterozygotes) show no signs. Similar to the "bubble boy" condition in humans, an affected foal is born with no immune system, and thus generally dies of an opportunistic infection, usually before the age of five months. There is a DNA test that can detect healthy horses who are carriers of the gene causing SCID, thus testing and careful, planned matings can now eliminate the possibility of an affected foal ever being born.[45]
  • Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS), also called Coat Color Dilution Lethal (CCDL). Recessive disorder, fatal when homozygous, carriers show no signs. The condition gets it name because most affected foals are born with a coat color dilution that lightens the tips of the coat hairs, or even the entire hair shaft. Foals with LFS are unable to stand at birth, often have seizures, and are usually euthanized within a few days of birth.[46][47] In November 2009, Cornell University announced that a DNA test has been developed to detect carriers of LFS. Simultaneouly, the University of Pretoria also announced that they had also developed a DNA test.[48]
  • Cerebellar abiotrophy (CA or CCA). Recessive disorder, homozygous horses are affected, carriers show no signs. An affected foal is usually born without clinical signs, but at some point, usually after six weeks of age, develops severe incoordination, a head tremor, wide-legged stance and other symptoms related to the death of the purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Such foals are frequently diagnosed only after they have crashed into a fence or fallen over backwards, and often are misdiagnosed as a head injury caused by an accident. Severity varies, with some foals having fast onset of severe coordination problems, others showing milder signs. Mildly affected horses can live a full lifespan, but most are euthanized before adulthood because they are so accident-prone as to be dangerous. As of 2008, there is a genetic test that uses DNA markers associated with CA to detect both carriers and affected animals.[49] Clinical signs are distinguishable from other neurological conditions, and a diagnosis of CA can be verified by examining the brain after euthanasia.[50]
  • Occipital Atlanto-Axial Malformation (OAAM). This is a condition where the cervical vertebrae fuse together in the neck and at the base of the skull. Symptoms range from mild incoordination to the paralysis of both front and rear legs. Some affected foals cannot stand to nurse, in others the symptoms may not be seen for several weeks. This is the only cervical spinal cord disease seen in horses less than 1 month of age, and a radiograph can diagnose the condition. There is no genetic test for OAAM, and the hereditary component of this condition is not well researched at present.[51]
  • Equine juvenile epilepsy, or Juvenile Idiopathic Epilepsy, sometimes referred to as "benign" epilepsy, is not usually fatal. Foals appear normal between epileptic seizures, and seizures usually stop occurring between 12 and 18 months.[47] Affected foals may show signs of epilepsy anywhere from two days to six months from birth.[52] Seizures can be treated with traditional anti-seizure medications, which may reduce their severity.[53] Though the condition has been studied since 1985 at the University of California, Davis, the genetic mode of inheritance is unclear, though the cases studied were all of one general bloodline group.[52] Recent research updates suggest that a dominant mode of inheritance is involved in transmission of this trait.[54] One researcher hypothesized that epilepsy may be linked in some fashion to Lavender Foal Syndrome due to the fact that it occurs in similar bloodlines and some horses have produced foals with both conditions.[47]
  • Guttural Pouch Tympany (GPT) occurs in horses ranging from birth to 1 year of age and is more common in fillies than in colts. It is thought to be genetic in Arabians, possibly polygenic in inheritance, but more study is needed.[55] Foals are born with a defect that causes the pharyngeal opening of the eustachian tube to act like a one-way valve. Air can get in, but it cannot get out. The affected guttural pouch is distended with air and forms a characteristic nonpainful swelling. Breathing is noisy in severely affected animals.[56] Diagnosis is based on clinical signs and radiographic examination of the skull. Medical management with NSAID and antimicrobial therapy can treat upper respiratory tract inflammation. Surgical intervention is needed to correct the malformation of the guttural pouch opening to provide a route for air in the abnormal guttural pouch to pass to the normal side and be expelled into the pharynx. Foals that are successfully treated may grow up to have fully useful lives.[57]

The Arabian Horse Association in the United States has created a foundation that supports research efforts to uncover the roots of genetic diseases.[58] The organization F.O.A.L. (Fight Off Arabian Lethals) is a clearinghouse for information on these conditions.[59] Additional information is available from the World Arabian Horse Association (WAHO).[60]

 

|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در چهارشنبه سوم آذر 1389 | موضوع:
کلينيک اسب احسان 

کلينيک اسب احسان 

 به صورت اختصاصی به درمان بيماری ها اسب پرداخته و دارای آخرين تجهيزات در زمينه طب اسب ميباشد

خدمات ارائه شده  در کلينيک:

تشخيص و درمان بيماری های داخلی اسب

تشخيس و درمان بيماری های توليد مثلی و مامايی

تشخيص و درمان بيماری های اندام حرکتی و لنگش

دندانپزشکی اسب و سوهان زدن دندان ها با سوهان برقی

معاينه پيش از خريد اسب همراه با اشعه ايکس

جراحی ها عمومی و زيبايی دم (نرگسه)

تشخيص آبستنی از 16 روزگی به بعد با دستگاه سونوگرافی

ماساژ درمانی برای افزايش توان ورزشی و نيز برای کمک به بهبود بيماری ها اندام حرکتی

تنظيم جيره های غذايی اسب متناسب با نوع فعاليت اسب

تنظيم برنامه های ضد انگلی

مشاوره در خريد و فروش اسب اصيل ( عرب )

تجهيزات کلينيک:

سونوگرافی

راديولوژی اشعه ايکس

سوهان برقی دندانپزشکی

دستگاه ماساژ درمانی مفاصل و کمر

اميدواريم که با افتتاح اين کلينيک کمک شايانی به اسب و ورزش سوارکاری ارائه نماييم

برای کسب اطلاعات بيشتر به وبسايت کلينيک مراجعه نماييد

 

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|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در چهارشنبه سیزدهم آبان 1388 | موضوع:
اصول اوليه واکسيناسيون در اسب 
 
واکسن ها از جمله تاثير گزارترين صلاح ها برای حفاظت اسب ها در مقابل بسياری از بيماری ها می باشد در اين قسمت شما با اينکه واکسن ها چگونه اسب شما را از بيماری ها حفظ ميکنند و 2 برنامه واکسيناسيون را برای اسب های تفريحی و ورزشی آشنا خواهيد شد

در چندين سال گذشته  واکسيناسيون جان هزاران اسب را نجات داده و بسياری از بيماری ها را در گله اسب ها محدود کرده است

واکسن ها چطور باعث حفاظت اسب ها از بيماری ميشوند؟

 با واکسيناسيون يک ارگانيسم کشته شده يا ضعيف شده وارد بدن اسب ميشود و سيستم ايمنی بدن اسب را فعال ميکند و بر عليه آن ارگانيسم خاص  سلول ها ايمنی بوجود می آيد و اگر اين ارگانيسم به صورت بيماری به اسب حمله کند سلول های ايمنی فعال شده توسط واکسن وارد عمل شده و بيماری اثر نميکند.

در برخی اوقات  واکسنها  باعث تورم و بادکردگی و زخم در محل تزريق ميشوند در برخی موارد هم واکنش های آلرژيک ايجاد ميکند که اين خودش سلامت اسب رو به خطر می اندازد

بيشتر واکسن های اسبی به صورت داخل عضلانی تزريق ميشوند ولی ورخی واکسن ها به صورت اسپری هم در جلوی دماغ اسب هم اسپری ميشوند  که اين روش برای بيماريهای درگير کنند دستگاه تنفسی هست مانند آنفولانزا  ، گورم و ... برخی هم بصورت داخل وريدی هست که از واکسن های اسبی اين نوع در بازار موجود نميباشد

اسب شما به چه واکسنی احتياج دارد؟

برخی از اسب ها به همه واکسن ها احتياج ندارند دامپزشک اسب شما بهترين تصميم گيرنده است در اين مورد ولی شما اگر ميخواهيد بدانيد که چه واکسنی مناسب هست برای اسب شما بايد اين چهار مورد را در نظر بگيريد:

1-سن اسب : بسياری از کره اسب ها به علت اينکه ايمنی مادری را بعد از مدتی از دست ميدهند نياز مند واکسن ميشوند و نيز اسب ها مسن هم بسته به شرايط نيازمند واکسن ميباشند 

2-  فعاليتی که از اسب خواسته ميشود بسياری از اسب های که در فعاليت های ورزشی شرکت می کنند دچار استرس هستند و  نيازمند واکسن ولی مثلاً ماديان ها و نريان های که برای توليد مثل نگهداری ميشوند نيازمند يک سری ديگر از واکسن ها هسند 


3- شرايط مديريت نگهداری : اسب های که به صورت تکی در يک باشگاه نگهداری ميشوند  و با اسب های که با تعداد زياد دريک مکان پانسيون هستند و يا اسب های که فاصله زيادی را از يک مزرعه به يک مزرعه ديگر حمل ميشوند همه اين ها نيازمند يک سری از واکسن ها ميباشند 


4- موقعيت جغرافيايی و کشور که برخی کشورها يک سری بيماری ها را به صورت اختصاصی در آنجا دارند و بايد بر عليه آن بيماری واکسيناسيون انجام شود

تأليف و ترجمه: دکتر احسان طاهری
 
|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در دوشنبه شانزدهم شهریور 1388 | موضوع:
سخت مي گيرد جهان بر مردمان سخت کوش 

 

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|+| نوشته شده توسط احسان در جمعه شانزدهم مرداد 1388 | موضوع:
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